Banana spiders are a species of arachnid with yellow coloring. Its mythical name makes it sound less scary than some of the other names for spiders.
Banana spiders capture prey in sticky silk strands and use their venom to stun or kill the prey before eating it. Banana spiders have a valuable ecological role as they help control populations of other pests.
Banana spiders got their name from the bright yellow silk strands they used to capture prey. Additionally, banana spiders have a distinctive zig-zag in their webs, like dental floss.
Despite their scary-sounding name, banana spiders are harmless to humans. Read this article to find more about banana spiders.
what does a banana spider look like?
Female banana spider
Females are typically larger than males, and they can come in different colors, including orange, greenish, or reddish. They also have colorful stripes on their legs. Female banana spiders are much larger than males.
Females can grow as big as a human palm. It is due to the availability of prey near human habitations. The female’s abdomen is round like a gumball and has colorful stripes on her legs.
Male banana spider
Males are typically brown and much less conspicuous than females. Both males and females have eight legs and slender bodies.
Interestingly, the brown color for males is intended to help them blend into their surroundings and stay hidden from predators.
Where do banana spiders live?
Banana spiders are found in various places worldwide, depending on the species. Some of them, known as golden silk orb-weavers, live in warm regions like Asia, Africa, Australia, the United States, and the Americas (North, Central, and South America).
Others live in the islands of the Pacific Ocean. There are many different types of banana spiders with varied colors and sizes.
5 Types of banana spiders-Names and Behaviour of Banana Spider
These are the five types of banana spiders:
Golden silk orb-weaver spiders
The golden silk orb-weaver spider is a common name given to a group of spiders that belong to the genus Nephila. These spiders are found in warm climates all over the world. They vary in color but most often have a yellow or gold abdomen.
The name is due to their impressive golden webs, which can span up to two meters in diameter. Banana spiders are harmless to humans and will usually retreat when confronted.
Golden silk orb-weavers are found in warmer regions throughout Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.
Banana spider size ranges from 1.5 to 2 inches (4.8 to 5.1 cm) long, with a body width of about 0.6 to 0.8 inches (1.5 to 2 cm). The golden silk orb-weaver spider is a large, yellow, and white spider in North America.
The female spiders are much larger than the male spiders and have long, skinny legs striped with yellow and brown bands. The males are mostly brown, whereas the females are mostly yellow.
Cupiennius (Banana Spider)
Banana spiders are a common name for the spiders in Cupiennius chiapanensis. They are commonly found in Central America, South America, and parts of the Caribbean.
Banana spiders are noted for their large size and impressive web-building abilities. These spiders range in size from body lengths of 0.35 inches to 1.6 inches. They are typically light brown or yellow with black markings on their abdomen and legs.
Banana spiders are harmless to humans and will usually run away when disturbed. Interestingly, Cupiennius spiders are often mistaken for Phoneutria spiders because of their bright red hairs.
However, these two genera of spiders can be distinguished by their unique features. For example, the Cupiennius spiders have a distinctive pattern on their abdomens, and they frequently have white markings on their legs.
Hawaiian garden spider
The Hawaiian garden spider is a common name given to the Argiope appensa. This spider is notable for its large size and brightly colored web decorations. It is found in the Pacific Ocean, primarily in Hawaii.
This arachnid can also be found in Taiwan, Australia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, and Indonesia. It has a range size of 0.75 to 2.5 inches (1.9 to 6.4 cm).
One unique feature of this spider is its webs, which have zig-zag designs. Hawaiian garden spiders can only be found on the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
If you don’t live on one of these islands, you’re not likely to see them. Even though they are shy and spend most of their time in their webs, they build their homes right where we live- and we usually don’t even know it!
Golden silk-orb weaver
The golden silk-orb weaver is a common name for the spider species Tricho nephila clavipes. It is a member of the family Nephilidae, which includes some of the largest spiders in the world. The golden silk-orb weaver is a spider found in North, Central, and South America.
One unique feature of this spider is the clumps of dark hair on its legs. These spiders are typically brown or yellow with faint white markings on their abdomen. They build large webs in trees and shrubs to catch their prey.
Brazilian wandering spider
The Brazilian wandering spider is a venomous spider found in Central America and northern South America. It gets its name from people wandering around, looking for new places to live.
The Latin name for the Brazilian wandering spider is Phoneutria, which means murderess. The naming process also includes hunting spiders.
Brazilian wandering spiders are large, brown, hairy spiders with long legs. They have a leg span of 5.1 to 7.1 inches (130 to 180 mm) and a body length of 0.67 to 1 inch (17 to 25 mm).
The most distinctive features of this spider are its red eyes and the fact that it is one of the venomous spiders in North America.
The Brazilian wandering spider is one of the most venomous spiders globally. While its venom won’t kill you immediately, it could send you into a fatal coma if left untreated.
What do banana spiders eat?
Banana spiders are generalist predators that feed on a wide variety of prey. They mostly eat insects, but they have also consumed other invertebrates, such as spiders, centipedes, and scorpions. Their diet includes flies, moths, butterflies, dragonflies, grasshoppers, mosquitoes, bugs, and beetles.
Like many other spiders, banana spiders consume their prey by wrapping them in silk and sometimes caching the wrapped prey in a part of their web to be eaten later. Some larger spiders even use this cannibalistic behavior to store food when they may not find prey.
Do banana spiders bite?
They are typically harmless, but there is a small risk of being bitten by one. It will likely feel like a bee sting if you are bitten and will not have long-term effects. However, Brazilian wandering spiders are highly venomous, and their bites can be fatal.
Generally, banana spiders can bite people, but only if they are being directly handled or accidentally pinched or squished. The bites leave red welt marks under their skin and are not extremely painful.
What are the symptoms of a banana spider bite?
Now let’s see what does a banana spider bite look like? Banana spiders are venomous, and their bites can cause several symptoms. They are known for their speed and aggressiveness, and their bites can be extremely painful. Symptoms of a bite may include
- Heavy sweating
- Swollen skin
- Burning sensation
- Pain that radiates to other areas
- Aching in the site of the bite
- Numbness with stinging
If a banana spider bites you, you will likely experience symptoms within one to three hours. The pain goes away after a day. If the bite is severe, antivenom may be required.
How to treat a banana spider bite?
Banana spiders are typically yellow or brown with a red hourglass on their abdomen. They are venomous, and their bites can cause redness, blistering, pain, swelling, and breathing problems. If a banana spider bites you, seek medical treatment immediately.
If a banana spider bites you, it is important to clean the wound with soap and water. Apply an antibiotic ointment to reduce your risk of infection.
When a banana spider bites someone, the first thing applies corticosteroid or antihistamine cream to alleviate itchiness. If the skin around the bite is irritated, use aloe vera gel as it has healing properties.
Are banana spiders venomous?
Banana spiders are venomous. Their bites are relatively harmless. Symptoms from a bite may include redness, blisters, and pain around the bite site. Allergic reactions to venom are rare. They might cause breathing problems and muscle cramps.
Orb weavers, of which banana spiders are a part, play an important role in natural ecosystems by preying on pests like mosquitoes.
Is banana spiders web silk strong?
Banana spiders are fascinating creatures with unique physical properties. Not only do they have powerful venom, but their webs are also incredibly strong.
As banana spiders are known for their large webs, which can be up to 6 feet in size. Their silk is incredibly strong and used in various applications, including bulletproof vests and parachutes.
The silk used to make these webs are stronger than Kevlar! Female spiders create beautiful webs and use different types of silk glands to produce the various types of silk needed for their web.
Banana spiders are medium to large, typically 2-3 inches long. They get their name from their resemblance to a banana, with yellow and brown markings on their body. In conclusion, the spider is an interesting creature that can spin strong webs. Although its bite is not venomous, it still irritates the skin.