Do Bees Have a Queen? Scientists Are Investigating

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Bees are interesting creatures; they are highly important for the environment and make up for essential pests. But do bees have a queen? Scientists have been investigating this very question for a while now, and it is essential to know and understand. Let us discuss this question based on the various researches that have been carried out by the scientists.

Do Bees have a Queen?

Yes, bees do have a queen. In fact, the queen bee is the most important member of a beehive. She is the largest and longest-living type of bee and can survive for up to six years. The queen bee lays all the eggs in a hive and controls the behavior of the other bees.

Do Bees Have a Queen

The queen bee is apparently the only sexually developed female in a beehive, and she lays eggs all day long to spawn the next generation of bees. She also controls the hive and its activities. The workers feed her, groom her, and protect her from harm.

What does a Queen Bee Look Like?

Queens are the largest bees in a colony and can vary greatly in size. They are typically larger than the other bees in the colony. Queens also have different markings on their body than the other bees.

Worker bees are the most common type of bee and are responsible for defending the hive from predators. Queens have a different stinger than workers and do not need to protect the hive. They mainly focus on reproduction, laying eggs, and caring for the larvae.

Queens come in many different colors, depending on their genetics and their race of bee. For example, a Japanese queen bee might be a deep red, while an Italian queen bee might be golden yellow.

What Makes a Queen Bee?

Newly born Bee Queen - apis mellifera- India, Odisha Newly born Bee Queen - apis mellifera- India, Odisha queen bee stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images

A bee becomes a queen bee through a process called supersedure. When the hive senses that the current queen is weak, less fertile, or not producing enough honey, they will start to raise potential queen bees.

The worker bees will feed these larvae royal jelly, which triggers the development of ovaries and makes them into queens.

The food that is fed to the young larva is called “royal jelly,” and it is what makes a queen bee. Worker bees will feed this special food to a few larvae, and, out of those, one will become the queen. The other larvae will become regular worker bees.

All you should know about queen bees is that their diet is significantly different from the food given to worker larvae.

Royal jelly, which is a secretion from the hypopharyngeal gland of young bees, is richer than the food given to worker larvae and is necessary for the larva to develop into a fertile queen bee.

Finding a New Queen Bee

When the old queen bee goes missing from the hive or when she dies, worker bees need to find a new queen. The process of finding a new queen is called “queen rearing.” It can take anywhere from two to five days for worker bees to find and select a new queen.

What are the various duties of the queen?

A bumble bee in flight about to reach a flower

The queen honey bee is the most important member of a colony. She is the mother of all other bees in the colony and has a variety of important duties. These include, but are not limited to, laying eggs, regulating hive activity, and maintaining the hive’s population.

She lays all the eggs, which will hatch into workers. The workers are responsible for feeding the brood, cleaning the hive, and defending it from predators.

When a bee colony grows too large, the queen can lay unfertilized eggs that will turn into male drones. The one and only job of the drones is to mate with new queens from other colonies; once they’ve done their job, they die.

Laying Eggs

Queen bees are the only bees in a colony that can lay eggs. The eggs they lay will become worker bees. Worker bees are responsible for the day-to-day operations of the hive, including gathering food and pollen, caring for the young, and defending the hive.

The queen bee turns out to be the only bee in a hive that can lay eggs. She determines the size of the egg she lays by checking the cell size. The eggs hatch into larvae, which will become either workers or drones.

If the cell she is laying in is clean and polished, she will lay an unfertilized egg that will become a drone.

Queen Bee Pheromones

Queen Bee pheromones are chemical messengers that are emitted by the queen bee and play an important role in colony stability.

The pheromones help to regulate activities within the hive and keep the colony functioning smoothly. They also play a role in mating and aggressive behavior.

It is one of the most important pheromones produced by the queen and has been found to affect things such as brood production, worker behavior, and gene expression.

If something happens to the queen, such as if she stops laying eggs or producing pheromones, the colony will start preparations to replace her. This may include selecting and raising a new queen or splitting the colony in two.

How Long Does A Queen Bee Live?

The queen bee is the most important member of a beehive. She lays eggs and controls the hive. A queen bee can actually live for up to five years but typically only lasts around two or three.

The average lifespan of a queen bee is about 2-3 years. However, if she begins to lag in her two main roles (egg-laying and pheromone production), the bees will make plans to replace her.

The workers will start feeding royal jelly to selected larvae, which will then turn into queens.

When the queen bee dies, the colony of bees begins to deteriorate. The workers will sense that something is wrong and begin to look for a replacement. If the queen bee is not replaced, the colony will die.

Why are queen bees replaced?

Queens are replaced for a variety of reasons, some of which are due to poor egg production or failing pheromone production. The most common reason for replacing a queen bee is when the colony becomes too large, and the old queen is no longer able to lay enough eggs.

On the other hand, if a beekeeper wants to introduce new genetics into a colony or replace an aging queen, the old one must be removed before the colony will accept a new queen that “smells” different.

Thus, there are several reasons why queens are replaced, including, but not limited to, introducing new genetics into a colony, replacing an aging queen, and when the current queen has stopped laying eggs.

Do Queen Bees take decisions about hive buildup?

Queen bees do not make decisions about the colony population. A study has found that worker bees manage the growth of a honeybee colony by regulating how many eggs they lay.

This means that the queen bee’s role is mainly to produce eggs rather than make decisions about hive buildup.

While it was once thought that the queen bee made all the decisions about hive buildup and architecture, scientists have now discovered that colony decisions are actually made by the workers.

Through their investigations, scientists have been able to determine how bees communicate and what role information plays in colony decision-making.

What Happens to a Queen Bee Without Workers?

queen bee working on a honeycomb, macro

Bees are a social species that live in colonies. Each colony has one queen and many workers. The queen is the only bee that can lay eggs.

Workers are sterile females that do all the work in the colony, including feeding and caring for the young, building hives, and collecting nectar and pollen.

If the queen dies or is removed from the colony, the workers will raise a new queen from one of her eggs. If there are no eggs or no queens available, the colony will die.

Even though the queen is the most important member of a bee colony., she lays eggs and provides the colony with new workers. If there are no workers, the queen will eventually die.

Do queen bees mate with drones in the hive?

The reproductive process of honey bees is somewhat different from that of mammals. Within the confines of the colony, mating does not take place. In around seven days following her emergence, the virgin queen will begin her first of multiple flights intended for mating.

Semen is kept inside her body after she has mated with anywhere from 12 to 20 drones. Once the sperm in her body has been exhausted, she will never have another sexual encounter. The colony will find a new home for her.

The queen spends a significant amount of her day attending to royal duties. She does not have to make all of the decisions or perform all of the work by herself, despite the fact that she is very vital to the hive.

However, the duty of the queen bee in the colony is one that cannot be fulfilled by any other bee in the colony. Only the queen bee can fulfill this job. Because of this, her position as the most important bee in the colony has not changed as a result of her development.


Now you know how the hierarchy in a bee hive works. The queen undoubtedly is the most important member of a bee hive, but it cannot survive without the workers, in the same manner that the workers cannot survive without the queen bee.

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.