Do Queen Ants Have Wings? Uncovering The Mystery

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Do queen ants have wings? This is a question that many people ask, and there is no definitive answer. Some people say that queen ants do not have wings because they never see them flying, while others say that they do have wings but they are not very big.

In order to find out the answer to this question, it is important to look at the different types of queen ants and see if there is a difference in their wings.

What Is a Queen Ant?

A queen ant is the most important member of an ant colony. She lays eggs, which hatch into new ants, and she also maintains the colony’s social order. Queens can live for many years and can produce up to 1,000 eggs per day.

Queens are the only females in a colony that are capable of producing eggs. The eggs will hatch and become workers, soldiers, and reproductive females and males. Queens can live up to 15 years while the average lifespan of a worker ant is around six months.

There can be one or more queens in an ant colony, depending on the species. Queens are responsible for starting new colonies.

How Big Is a Queen Ant?

do queen ants have wings

The queen ant is the largest ant in the colony. She is responsible for laying eggs and caring for the young. Queens can be up to twice the size of other ants in the colony.

Interestingly, the largest queen ants belong to the African driver ant genus Dorylus. These queens can grow up to 1.54 to 2″ (39 to 50.8 mm) in total body length.

Do Queen Ants Have Wings?

Queen ants are the only ants in a colony that can lay eggs. They are also born without wings, which is why they must be carried to new colonies by worker ants.

Interestingly, queen ants in colonies do not have wings unless they are soldiers or workers. The wingless queens lay eggs and their primary responsibility is to keep the colony alive.

Soldiers and workers are winged because they need to be able to fly away from danger or to new colonies.

However, in a colony of army ants, there is a strict hierarchy. The queen ant is the only female in the colony that can lay eggs, and she is also the only one with wings.

All other females are born without wings and are worker ants. However, the males have wings and serve as drones and die shortly after mating.

Why Do Queen Ants Have Wings?

Queen ants have wings for a very specific purpose: flying off to mate. After finding a suitable mate, the queen will fly away with her new partner to start a new colony.

Every year, around the same time, flying ants take to the skies in search of a mate. These mating flights happen when there is an abundance of food and when the conditions are right for new colonies to form.

Flying ants are usually harmless and can be easily eliminated, but their sudden appearance can be alarming for some people.

When a colony of ants is large and has plenty of males and queens, the mating process can take up to two weeks. However, if there are fewer ants, the mating fest will be shorter because it doesn’t take as long for all the potential mates to find one another.

In either case, the length of time spent mating depends on how many ants are participating in the process.

Mating Ritual

When a queen ant mates, she stores the sperm in her body for future use. This allows her to lay eggs even when there is no male around. The sperm can last up to seven years, so she will be able to produce offspring for a long time.

After mating, the queen removes her wings and begins laying eggs. The wingless queens are better able to move around and search for food. They also tend to live longer than their winged counterparts.

Mating rituals are an important part of the life of any species. Queen ants have a particularly interesting one. After finding a mate, the queen will lay eggs and then die. The eggs that hatch will take over all duties of care for the colony.

Queen Ants Mating & Removing Wings

Queen ants have wings and they use them to fly during the swarm. After a heavy rain, ants will come out in droves to mate. Once they have mated, the queen ant will lose her wings and start laying eggs.

The shedding of wings is an active process that takes place when queen ants are mating. This leaves her with a functional pair of wings that she can use to fly away if needed.

Once a queen ant has mated, the males die and the queens shed their wings. The newly mated queens then search for a place to establish a new colony.

What is the lifespan of a Queen Ant?

focus killer science titled winged ant

The lifespan of queens varies with species. While some may barely live for months, others thrive for decades.

The environment also influences the longevity of queens and their colonies. Given suitable circumstances, frequently recognized species of queens would have the following lifespans:

SpeciesLife Span
Sugar antover 10 years
Weaver ant6 – 7 years
Pavement ant20 years
Carpenter ant>7 years
Argentine ant<1 year
Red imported fire ant4.5 years
Texas leafcutter ant15 – 20 years
Weaver ant>8 years
Pharaoh ant4 – 12 months

How Does an Ant Become a Queen?

After mating, a queen ant will shed her wings and fly away to start a new colony. She will lay eggs and care for the young ants until the colony is large enough to sustain itself.

The queen ant is the most important member of an ant colony. If she survives long enough, the queen will find a good spot to start a colony and lay eggs. She will also produce worker ants and drones to help keep the colony running.

What are the features of various queen ants?

The queens of different species of ants may have a variety of distinct physical characteristics. The following is a look at some of the most prevalent varieties of queen ants and the qualities that distinguish them from one another:

Carpenter Ant Queen

Carpenter Ant Queens are the largest ants in the colony and can vary in size from 0.75 to 1″ (1.9 to 2.54 cm). They are generally dark brown or black in color and have wings that they can use for flying.

Fire Ant Queen

Queen ants are the largest ant in a colony and can be distinguished from polymorphic workers by their size.

They also have the ability to produce up to 800 eggs per day, which is significantly more than the average ant. This makes them essential for colony growth and reproduction.

The queen is also different in color from other ants in her colony; she is black, reddish-brown, or red.

This means that they can be distinguished from the other ants in the colony by their size and color. Queens are larger than the other ants and they are a darker red or black color.

Leafcutter Ant Queen

Leafcutter ants are one of the most common types of ants. They get their name from the fact that they cut leaves to use as a food source. Leafcutter ant queens are the largest type of ant in their colony and can grow up to 2 cm long.

A colony can range in size from just a few hundred workers to as many as two million workers. This makes them one of the largest ant colonies in the world.

The queen is the largest and most important ant in a colony. She is responsible for laying eggs, caring for the young, and maintaining the colony. The queen is also rust-brown in color and about 3/4″ in length.

Sugar Ant Queen

Sugar ants are a type of ant that is native to Australia. They get their name from the sweet substances that they like to eat, such as sugar and honey. They are considered pests because they can damage crops and invade homes.

Queen is the largest ant in the colony and can be distinguished by its size. They are typically larger than the workers, which vary in size from 0.2 to 0.6″ (5 to 15 mm). Queens have wings while workers do not.

There are different types of sugar ants, but the most common one is the black garden ant. One of the most interesting things about these ants is that they have queen ants that can have wings.

Argentine Ant Queen

The Argentine Ant Queen is a dark brown color with reddish legs and antennae. Her mandibles are yellow in color. She is the largest ant in the colony and can lay up to 1,000 eggs per day.

They are several times larger than the workers. They measure about 1.78 to 1.97″ (4.5 to 5 mm) in length, while workers are only 0.01″ (0.3 mm). The queen is responsible for laying eggs and maintaining the colony

Army Ant Queen

Army ants are a type of ant that live in colonies. The colonies are typically made up of one queen and many workers. The queen is the only ant in the colony who can lay eggs.

They are dark brown in color and measure about 23 mm. Queens are responsible for laying eggs, maintaining the colony, and defending the colony from intruders.

Army ant queens are different from most other ant queens in that they have extraordinarily large ovaries and gasters.

What this means is that they are able to produce a lot of eggs, which is necessary for the survival of their colony. They also have a larger than average abdomen, which allows them to store more food.

What makes these ants unique from other ant species is the fact that their queens have very large ovaries and gasters- making them look almost like they have wings.

Scientists still haven’t been able to determine why army ant queens have such unusually large reproductive organs, but it is speculated that it may be an adaptation to their lifestyle of constantly relocating.

Pavement Ant Queen

The reproductive queen of a pavement ant colony is known as the queen. They are wingless and can be identified by their large size. Queens lay eggs that will hatch into worker ants.

If there is only one queen in a colony, it is called monogyne, while if there are multiple queens, it is called polygyne.

Queens and workers of the pavement ant have parallel lines (grooves) in their heads and thoraxes. These markings are used to identify the different castes of ants.

Does A Carpenter Ant Queen Have Wings?

ant under water

A carpenter ant queen do have wings at all times. In fact, she may only lose them after mating or when establishing a nest. This is because the wings are used for flying and once the queen has laid her eggs and started her colony, she no longer needs to fly.

If you see scars or protrusions on a Carpenter Ant Queen’s back, it is likely that she is the queen. These pests have wings when they are in their immature stages, but they lose them as they become adults.


Queens are the most important members of ant colonies. They are the only ones who can lay eggs and start new colonies. Queens also have a larger body size than workers or reproductive males. One way to identify a queen ant is by looking for its prominent wing scars.

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.