While both the American Cockroach and the German cockroach are popular species of roaches in America, how are they really different? Do you need different pest control approaches to deal with such roach infestations? Are there other things that you must know about American Cockroaches and German Cockroaches?
To start with, the American Cockroach and the German Cockroach are two common cockroaches that have a wide variety of different sizes and appearances.
– The American cockroach is typically much larger in size, with darker coloration.
– The German cockroach has a lighter appearance but is not as big as the American roach.
Not only are American cockroaches and German cockroaches different on the outside, but they also have some major differences in their habitat. For example, German roach colonies tend to be more secretive than those of American roaches because they prefer dark places with lots of hiding spots.
Both species can live up to two years without a mate or food source making them perfect pests for infesting homes and businesses.
Keep reading to understand everything you need to about these species of pests.
Table of Contents
German Cockroach vs. American Cockroach: How Do They Differ?
German cockroaches are the most common species in many areas of the world. They have a more cylindrical body shape and dark brown coloring. On the other hand, American cockroaches come in a variety of darker colors with large bodies and wings extending beyond their tail end.
German roaches are more aggressive than American cockroaches, which aren’t too far behind in terms of aggressiveness. German roaches tend to be found inside buildings, while American roaches are found in frequent outdoor areas.
Additionally, they both reproduce at different rates and can survive for up to two weeks without food or water if their environment is suitable (i.e., cool temperatures).
American cockroaches are about three times longer and wider than German roaches. The two species differ in terms of size, color, speed (American roaches can move faster), and food preferences.
The German roach has a dark brown head with light yellow to tan markings on its neck and wings, while the American roach has a black or dark red-colored head with lighter markings on its neck and body.
However, there are some distinct differences between the two. American cockroaches, as we mentioned, are larger and longer, with a broader body than German roaches. German cockroaches also prefer to live in dark places such as closets, where other species of bugs don’t usually go.
At the same time, their American counterparts love to live outdoors and will even thrive around human habitations because there is plenty of food available for them.
German cockroaches and American cockroaches are the two most common roach species in America. They both live near humans, but German cockroach populations have been on a steady rise for decades while American pests remain stable or decrease slightly.
The Appearance of German Cockroach vs. Appearance of American Cockroach in Terms of Size and Other Characteristics?
German and American cockroaches are two different types of roach pests that you can easily distinguish from one another. The German cockroach is small, brown in color, with a light-colored head, whereas the American roach species has more rounded bodies when compared to its smaller counterparts.
The German cockroach is smaller in size than the American cockroach. The German roach is also more slender, has shorter antennae, and has a less prominent dark band at the base of its wings.
Specifically, in terms of their size, the German cockroach measures about 0.5 inches long, while an adult American roach ranges from 1.5 to 3 inches long.
The German cockroach is a type of roach that you can find in many areas across the globe. Their yellowish-brown color distinguishes them with darker brown stripes on the shield just behind their heads and along with their wings.
While the German cockroach does have the ability to fly, you will rarely see one take advantage of that ability. The American cockroach has a reddish tint and black antennae, while it also has six legs like other types of roaches do.
Where You Will Find German and American Cockroaches: Their Habitat
German roaches are often found in the dark, damp areas of homes and offices. Unlike the darker American variety, they can be identified by their lighter coloration. German roaches tend to live for about four to six months, whereas American ones can survive for up to a year.
The American roaches are found living in many different places. Generally, they live indoors and outdoors, but some have been known to be able to survive hot temperatures. American cockroaches are slightly larger than German cockroaches, but both the pests are more active at night.
When German and American Cockroaches Invade Your Home
The German cockroach is more likely to invade your home than the American cockroach. While both are pests, the German roach has a shorter lifespan but generally reproduces faster than American roaches.
Both these species will eat just about anything they can find. Additionally, the American cockroach prefers living outdoors and less commonly invades homes or other buildings in America.
American and German cockroaches still have a lot in common when and if they invade your home and infest the dark corners of its structures. They can both carry pathogens into the clean areas of your home, like kitchens or bathrooms.
However, these pests are more prevalent during colder months when they come in through cracks and crevices around windows and doors, looking for the comfort of heat created by humankind.
Further, both German and American cockroaches are known to be carriers of dangerous diseases and infect humans by passing these diseases through their feces or body parts. Even if they are free of diseases, they could still be a major source of severe asthmatic and other allergic reactions to their droppings.
Pest Control of German vs. Pest Control of American Cockroaches
The German cockroach is known for having a shorter lifespan and a smaller size. American cockroaches are known as “common roaches” because they spread more easily, live longer, and can become a significant pest in many households.
German cockroaches are more difficult to get rid of than American cockroaches due to the necessity for different spraying methods and pesticides. However, German roach control is not impossible with a few precautions.
Pest control for the American cockroach involves granular baits and perimeter sprays. As we mentioned, the German cockroach is a more difficult pest to exterminate because it’s not attracted to bait or traps in an area where there are other pests, making it harder to treat.
Once a cockroach dies due to such a poison, it ends up killing many others since other cockroaches often eat a dead member of their infestation. This also prevents them from reproducing and creating more pests in your home.
It’s important for pest control professionals to understand some key differences between German roach types so that they can provide effective service with minimal complications or damage caused by this new species of roach invader.
Common Roach Infestation Signs
Cockroaches are nocturnal and often hide during the day. However, it is possible to spot just one cockroach without an infestation occurring in your home. It’s also possible for them to wander into your home from outside.
Therefore, to identify whether there is an infestation of roaches in your home, there are some indicating factors that you can use to decide whether it is time to contact your exterminator.
One of the first signs of a cockroach infestation in your home is if you see multiple cockroaches multiple times in your home. Finding only one cockroach may not necessarily mean that your home is infested. Further, finding any cockroach eggs is a sure-shot sign of infestation.
If they are the eggs of American cockroaches, they could be reddish in color and are smaller than half an inch. However, if the eggs are smaller than that and lighter in color, they belong to German cockroaches.
You must remember that you could find eggs in any hidden dark spots in your house, such as your closet or under your furniture.
Another indication of an infestation is the presence of feces in your home. Finding small smears of coffee-colored poop in your home is generally known to be the result of cockroaches living in your home.
What Attracts Roaches?
Almost all species of cockroaches are attracted to a dirty and unhygienic environment. However, more specifically, cockroaches are also attracted to specific types of food items.
Roaches are attracted to many things in the home and will likely be around them as they search for food. They can invade your kitchen, bathroom, walls, or even crawl under furniture if you have a lot of clutter that provides their preferred habitat.
American cockroaches are attracted to material that has a high protein content and is in abundance. German cockroaches, on the other hand, are drawn to sweets, greasy foods, and decaying food products.
German cockroaches and American cockroaches are drawn to different sources of water, which is what affects their distribution. The main difference between the two species’ habitats is that German roaches favor moist areas.
While they prefer humid environments, American roaches can thrive in dry habitats, too, such as kitchens or bathrooms where there are a lot of crumbs of food.
In the U.S., cockroach infestations are becoming more and more common due to increased urbanization, lack of sanitation practices, and global warming.
Cockroaches can be attracted by food or water sources in homes across different environments, including dryer vents, sewers, sludge storage areas that don’t get cleaned regularly, and other garbage cans near a home’s kitchen area.
To prevent these roach pests from entering your house through doors or windows, use screens on all of these openings and seal any cracks or gaps in your home.
What does a cockroach nest look like?
The fact is that most cockroaches will live in small spaces and won’t build a nest . They simply live together in the same area, which is referred to as the habitat or carryout. Therefore, there is no specific type of nest that you will find when dealing with roaches.
Roaches might have nesting areas, though. You will usually find dark and humid areas that are hidden from plain view to be the nesting spot for any roaches that have infested your home. Areas such as drains, basements, cabinets, and sewers are some such areas.
When you suspect an infestation, look for egg cases and skins rather than looking for a cockroach nest. You can also find dark spots that are indicative of a roach population, as well as live or dead roaches if they have died during the night to eat all their food before it becomes scarce.
After eradicating the nest, you should wash your hands thoroughly to prevent cross-contamination of other pests with bacteria that may have been left behind on their bodies and eggs that could still be present after they’ve hatched out from under furniture or cracks in walls.
What does a baby cockroach look like?
Even as babies, German cockroaches and American cockroaches have some characteristic differences that we have included below for your reference.
Baby German Cockroaches
Baby German Cockroaches are the size of a period when they are babies or nymphs. They are smaller than American cockroaches and have less developed eyes.
Baby German roaches are known for their round shape as they grow from a size of 1/4 to 3 inches long. They also have large eyes and two antennae, which grow into one after the baby stage has passed.
When reaching adulthood, they develop from an elongated teardrop-shaped body to a shape that resembles that of a cigar.
German cockroach babies are dark brown in color with a tan area on their back. The areas of the body that appear to be darker patches may indicate those where babies have molted, which is a process by which young animals replace old exoskeleton with new ones.
Baby American Cockroaches
Baby American cockroaches are born from eggs that look like miniature versions of the adult. They emerge from these eggs looking weak and unable to fully function, but they’re able to molt into adults in about four weeks.
Nymphs are baby American Cockroaches that do not have wings. These nymphs live in the ground and feed on food items such as animal droppings, decaying plants, fungi, or dead insects. They darken to reddish-brown as they mature and reach adulthood.