How Big Are Queen Ants: Size, Wings & More.

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There are over 12000+ known ant species, each one has its own set of characteristics. So, how big are queen ants: size, wings, and more? Some ants are tiny and hard to see, while others are quite large and can scare some people.

Queen ants are the biggest type of ant and can get up to 1 inch long. Although all ants in a colony are important, the queen is the most vital. Without her, the colony cannot survive. To identify the queen, look for her large size and wing attachments. The queen is usually located in the center of the colony.

In this article, you will find more information about queen ants. 

How Big Are Queen Ants: Size, Wings & More

Queen Ant’s Size

queen ant

All ants are eusocial, meaning they live in colonies with a caste system. The queen’s size is usually about twice as big as a worker ant. Additionally, her wings are smaller than those of other ants. Interestingly, queen ants have a few defining characteristics.

For one, a queen ant can lay up to 800 eggs in her lifetime—which is significantly more than the average worker ant. Secondly, the size of a new queen varies depending on the species.

For example, the queen driver ant is the largest species of the queen ant. Lastly, queen ants can live up to 30 years if they’re lucky.

Queen Ants Features and Wings

queen ant features

Queen ants are a type of ant larger in size than the worker ants. They have wings, which they use for one nuptial flight only. After mating, the queen will lose her wings.

Ants have winged worker bees as well – these are not young queens. But rather adult workers who have developed wings. Queen ants are born with wings, not young queens.

Queen ants are the colony’s largest ants and are born with wings. Their wings help them mate and start new colonies.

Queens also has a large thorax, which is more muscular and complicated than the thorax of other ant species. Some queens still have visible wing attachment points.

Type of Queen Ants

Carpenter ant queen size

Carpenter ant queen size

Carpenter ants have one queen per colony. The queen ant can measure about 13 to 17 mm in length.

After mating with the male carpenter ants, the queen sheds her wings and looks for a new nesting site. Queens live an average of 5 to 7 years while workers only live about 2 to 3 years.

The queen is the most important part of the ant colony. She lays thousands of fertilized eggs and can live up to 25 years. Additionally, she prefers moist and rotten wood to establish a new colony.

Red Queen ant

Red Queen ant

Queen ants are the largest ants in a colony. They are generally larger than the regular worker ants. Alates or reproductives are found within the colony, and they have wings.

Worker ants will rapidly respond and swarm out of the mound to protect the colony when disturbed. Colonies occasionally occur indoors in structures such as utility housings and tree trunks.

Flying queen ant

Flying queen ant

When a queen ant is ready to mate, she will fly long distances searching for a male. After mating, the sperm transfer to the queen’s seminal receptacle, and the male will dies.

Once a suitable location for a colony has been found, the wings will be detached, and the queen will start laying eggs. Some species of cacti can grow up to 15mm long.

The black ant queen

black ant queen

Black queen ants are the largest and most important members of a black ant colony. They are monomorphic, meaning that there is only one queen caste with no variation in size or appearance.

Queens range in length from 4 to 5 mm long. Worker ants are much smaller, ranging from 1 to 2 mm long. Workers also have only one type of job within the colony and cannot vary in their tasks.

What do queen ants look like? (Honeypot ants, Sugar ants size, Green ants, Flying ants, Wood ants, Contents ant, Bullet ants size)

Queen ants are the largest ant in the colony and can be up to twice the size of the average worker ant. They have large, powerful wings that help them fly long distances. Ants have three body segments- the head, thorax, and abdomen.

The queen ant of honeypot ants, flying ants, wood ants, contents ant, sugar ants, green ants, and bullet ants are around 2 inches to 3 inches.

How are queen ants born?

Queen ants are born just like any other ant, but the workers determine their fate. The workers look at her appearance, and if they deem her fit, they will promote her to the queen. She may disguise herself as a worker first, but eventually, she will be revealed and promoted to a queen.

A queen ant is born typically happens through two different methods. The first way is that the queen eats a special food to help her develop muscles. The second way is that when she gets older, her body will be able to start her journey.

Hormones are responsible for the change in size, and once she becomes larger, she can begin her journey.

What happens when a queen ant dies?

When a queen ant dies, the colony of ants will die. The queen ants can lay eggs, and the colony cannot survive without her.

Queens are rare in an ant colony since one kills the others if there are multiple queens. The workers will also kill any extra queens if they find them.

How many ant eggs can a queen ant lay?

Queen ants are the only members of an ant colony that can lay eggs. After mating, the queen will leave her nest and start a new colony. The number of eggs she lays varies depending on the species, but it can be thousands or even millions.

What do queen ants eat?

Queen ants primarily eat proteins from decaying muscles. However, they also eat other things their workers bring, such as nectar and sugary secretions. They do not hunt for food themselves; instead, they rely on their workers to provide them with sustenance.

Can a queen ant survive alone?

Queen ants can survive alone, but it is not their natural state. Queens are typically left alone in the dark, where they are less likely to be discovered and attacked by predators.

How to catch an ant queen before infestation?

Queen ants are the reproductive members of ant colonies. They are usually much larger than the other ants in the colony and can produce thousands and thousands of offspring.

It is very common to find ants in your home at one point or another when resources are scarce. While it is possible to catch queen ants, it can be difficult since they often stay deep inside the colony.

When an ant queen is sighted in your home, you may want to catch her before she establishes a colony. 

Queen Ant Vs. Worker Ant Size (Comparision between caste system and slavery)

Queen ants are typically larger than the worker ants. A queen’s thorax is also generally larger than other types of queens. Carpenter queen ants are one of the largest ants in the world and can get up to 0.8 inches (2 cm) long.

Though worker carpenter ants are generally smaller than the queen ant, there can be size variations based on species. For example, the queen bullet ant is larger than the worker bullet ants.

In addition, queens range in size from 0.16-0.2 inches (0.4-0.5 cm), while workers reach up to 0.04-0.08 inches (0.1-0.2 cm). Consequently, it is important to know the specific ant species when asking about size differences.

Facts About Queen Ants

  • Queen ants are larger than most other ants and can live up to 30 years. 
  • Queens also have wings, which allow them to fly and search for new colonies. 
  • When a queen leaves her nest to find a new one, she is known as a princess.
  • Queens can be very aggressive in protecting their colonies. 
  • If there is more than one queen ant, there is always the potential for a power struggle. 
  • Worker ants can kill the queen if she is less fertile than them, but colonies wouldn’t be able to grow or establish without these royal bugs.


The ant queen is the most important member of an ant colony. She is responsible for laying eggs and ensuring the colony’s survival. Ant queens are typically much larger than other ants in the colony and have wings.

In conclusion, the queen ant is vitally important to the colony as she lays eggs that become new ants. The queen’s size, wings, and other characteristics determine the colony’s success.

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.