How Do Honey Bees Make Hive?

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Honey bee hives come in various shapes and sizes, but they all have one common goal: house the honey bees. How do honey bees make hive? The hive comprises two parts: the brood chamber and the honey super. The brood chamber is where the queen bee lays her eggs, and the worker bees raise the larvae.

In addition, honey bees make honey in tubes because it is easier to hold more honey. They don’t need wax to build the hive, so they use less of it and save the wax for other purposes.

What does a hive look like?

A hive is an artificial structure that can be used to house colonies of bees. The traditional shape of a hive is cylindrical, but there are many variations.

There are many different kinds of hives, but the most common ones have a waxy appearance and a honeycomb shape with tiny openings where the bees live. Honey is kept in the upper cavity of the comb, while pollen is kept in the lower cavity. 

how do honey bees make hive

The word “nest” is often used when referring to colonies of wild honeybees that take up residence in normal crevices between rocks or hollowed-out trees.

How do bees find a location for the hive?

Honeybees will build their honeycomb from the top downwards. They start by constructing a small amount of wax at the top of the hive. This wax is used to create the foundation for the rest of the honeycomb. The bees will then use this wax to create hexagonal cells to fill with honey and pollen.

Finding a good location for a honeybee hive is important to protect the colony from the elements. In an artificial setting, honeybees will typically be provided with a ready-made space to build their hive.

However, honeybees usually choose to construct their nests in any location in the wild, which offers them protection from the wind, rain, and snow.

Constructing the comb

Honeybees produce a sticky, resinous substance called propolis to cover the surfaces inside their hive. This helps protect the hive from bacteria and other contaminants. The comb is built by the honeybees themselves, using this propolis as well as wax secreted from their bodies.

Interestingly, the bees will chew the wax until it is soft. Then, they will bond bits of it together to form cells used for storage. This process is repeated until the comb is completed.

Drone, worker and queen bees

The comb is the most important part of the hive, as it is where the bees store their food (honey and pollen) and raise their young.

The combs are made from wax and bee glue and can support up to 30 times their weight. The honeycomb walls are also very thin, yet they can withstand significant pressure without breaking.

How do honey bees make hive?

Honey bees are a type of bee that makes their homes in hives. The hive is a structure that they build themselves, and it is used to protect the queen bee and her eggs, as well as the honey that the bees produce.

The hive consists of hexagonal cells that the bees build with wax, and it can be either attached to a tree or building or free-standing.

When honey bees need to build a hive, they first chew wax until it becomes soft. Then, they use the wax to create large quantities of cells in a honeycomb. This process allows them to store honey and pollen for food and raise baby bees.

Worker bees only live for a few weeks, but during that time, they work tirelessly to build the hive, care for the young, and store food. They can do this because their lives are dedicated to the colony—they know that their hard work is essential for their family’s survival.

Bees swarming colony

A worker bee turns ten days old and develops wax-producing glands inside her abdomen to help build the hive. She will then gather food and nectar from different flowering plants to return to the hive. Bees use nectar to make honey, which they store in the beehive for food during winter.

Nectar is a sweet liquid produced by flowers and sucked up by bees. When the bee collects nectar, it also picks up pollen on its body. This pollen mixes with a specialized enzyme in the bee’s gut, and this mixture becomes honey.

How do bees make their cells hexagonal?

Bees have been creating hexagonal cells for their honeycombs for centuries. Scientists now know that bees create their cells by using “tiling.” They do this by creating a wax template of the cell and then filling in the gaps with more wax.

Bees storing honey and wax in the hexagonal cells in the hive

 There are many theories as to why they make their cells in this shape, but the most likely reason is that it allows for the most efficient use of space. 

The hexagonal shape of bee cells is still under research, but it appears that the shape has some advantages for the bees. Some scientists believe that the hexagons allow for more efficient honey storage, while others think the shape makes it easier for bees to penetrate the hive.

Do bees leave the hive?

Workers may leave the hive for a variety of reasons. One reason is foraging, when they leave to collect nectar and pollen from flowers. Another reason is absconding when the worker bees decide to leave the hive and establish a new colony elsewhere.

Many factors can explain why workers might choose to abscond, including overcrowding, lack of food or resources, or poor weather conditions.

What are the hive Materials?

When one thinks of bee products, three major materials come to mind: honey, wax, and propolis. You might not recognize the third one right away, but it’s a critical component of the hive’s structure and sanitation. But first, let’s take a look at some of the more well-known materials that our bees produce.


The wax used to build a beehive is produced by the worker bees. It is stored in hexagonal cells in the comb, and it is an essential part of the hive’s functioning. The wax helps protect the hive from the elements, provides a place for the bees to store their food, and allows them to move around easily.

The worker bees produce life term wax when they digest honey. The sugar is converted into wax, which the bees use to build their hive. The honeycomb is an important part of the hive as it stores honey and pollen for the bees to eat.


When the water content is around 20%, bees can store large amounts of honey by working together in groups. This allows them to accumulate honey throughout the season, which prevents the need for foraging during low nectar flow.

Bees collect their nectar from flowers and store it in honeycomb cells. The water content of honey depends on the time of year and how much nectar has been collected. In the spring, when there is a lot of nectar available, the water content of honey can be as low as 17%.

In the fall, when there is less nectar available, the water content of honey can be as high as 27%. Honey is ready to be transported to other parts of the hive or sold.


Propolis is a bee-produced resin used as a filler to patch small holes in the hive and insulate it in the hive. This resin is super sticky and never hardens completely because it is 50% tree resin.

A beekeeper watches as bees fly in and out of their hive. When the bees are out foraging, they collect propolis from weeping trees- a sticky resin used to patch up the hive- and bring it back to the hive to be mixed with wax, pollen, oils, and over a hundred other compounds.

Suppose it’s not made out of wax in the hive. Bees may also store up to half a pound of propolis for emergency patch jobs.

Beekeeping frames

What to Do If You Find a Honey Bee Hive Near Your Home?

If you find a honey bee hive near your home, it is important to take precautions. Honey bees can become a nuisance when they build nests near your home. You might contact a professional who can safely remove the hive.

If you find a honey bee hive near your home, the best thing to do is call a beekeeper. Honey bees are important for the environment and play an essential role in pollination. Beekeepers will safely remove the bees and relocate them to a new hive.

Final Thoughts

Bees are incredible insects that play a vital role in our ecosystem. They are responsible for pollinating many plants, which helps produce fruits and vegetables.

Honey bees also build hives, which can be fascinating to learn about. This article looked at how honey bees make hives and what goes into the construction and functioning of a beehive.

We are still learning a great amount of deal about bees and their complex ways of living. 

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.