Some Interesting Facts About Millipedes

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Have you come across a Millipede and found them intriguing? Well, they are quite fascinating. Let us learn some interesting facts about Millipedes today.

Interesting Facts About Millipedes

There is so much to learn about these tiny creatures, from what they look like to what they eat. These interesting facts about millipedes will give you a fair idea regarding what to expect of these pests.

Some Interesting Facts about Millipedes

Some interesting facts about millipedes include that they are detritivores (meaning they eat dead plant matter), and they can secrete a poisonous substance from their joints that can cause skin irritation.

More such interesting information can be found below. Take a look.

What type of animal is a millipede?

Millipedes are arthropods, which means that they have an external skeleton. They are also invertebrates, which means that they do not have a backbone.

Furthermore, they have two pairs of legs in each segment, which is what distinguishes them from another centipede.

They move by crawling like worms, but they are quite different from worms in many ways.

For example, millipedes breathe through their skin, whereas worms breathe through their mouths. Millipedes also tend to be a bit more colorful than worms.

What class of animal does a millipede belong to?

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Millipedes are a type of arthropod, which is the largest and most diverse phylum of animals on Earth. Arthropods include all other insects and spiders, crustaceans, and horseshoe crabs.

These insects are classified into the class Diplopoda due to the presence of two pairs of legs in each body segment.

They belong to the phylum Myriapoda, which also includes centipedes. There are over 12,000 different species of millipede.

How many millipedes are there in the world?

Millipedes are a common sight in many parts of the world. There are over 12,000 different species of millipede, and they can be found on every continent except Antarctica.

While they may seem like pests, millipedes actually play an important role in the environment by breaking down dead plant matter and recycling nutrients.

Millipedes come in a variety of shapes and sizes but generally have a cylindrical body with many legs.

Where does a millipede live?

Millipedes live in a variety of habitats, but they prefer moist environments. They can be found in soil, decaying plant matter, and leaf litter.

They are most commonly found in forests, agricultural lands, gardens, lawns, and moist and humid areas. They prefer to live in dark, damp environments where they can find plenty of food.

Because they prefer moist environments, they can often be found in urban or suburban areas as well as inside buildings. They are also commonly found in gardens and compost piles.

What is a millipede’s habitat?

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Millipedes thrive in areas with high humidity habitats. Owing to this, they can be found living in a variety of habitats, including forests, meadows, deserts, and wetlands.

They are not picky eaters and will consume decaying plant material as well as live plants.

They prefer to live in rotting logs, under stones or bark, and in compost piles. They can also be found in gardens and around homes.

Who do millipedes live with?

Millipedes live in close association with a variety of other species. This can include bacteria, fungi, plants, and other invertebrates. They are not typically found living alone and prefer to be in close contact with others of their kind.

On the other hand, millipedes are a nuisance to plants and crops as they feed on decaying matter. They can quickly overrun an area and cause significant damage to vegetation.

How long does a millipede live?

Millipedes are interesting creatures with some pretty amazing stats. For example, the longest recorded lifespan of the North American millipede species is 11 years.

How do they reproduce?

Millipedes reproduce in a variety of ways, depending on the species

In some cases, the male millipedes deposit their sperm on a web they spin, and the female then puts the sperm into her own reproductive organ.

The eggs are fertilized internally, and the millipede young develop inside the mother’s body. After a few months, they are born alive.

While in other cases, such as pill millipedes, the male releases a sperm packet behind its head that passes from one pair of feet to the next until they reach the female’s reproductive organ.

The eggs are deposited into small chambers dug into the soil and fertilized there in a few cases.

How do they communicate?

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Millipedes are a fascinating group of creatures with a lot of unique features. One such feature is their communication abilities. Some millipede species have sensory organs on their head that they use to communicate with each other.

They use their antennae to sense changes in their environment. They can use this information to communicate with other millipedes, find food, and avoid predators.

These organs can sense movement, vibrations, and chemicals in the air, allowing the millipedes to communicate with each other about various necessary things.

How big is a millipede?

Millipedes come in a range of sizes, from 2 mm to 35 cm. They can be found all over the world and vary in color depending on their species.

They are typically about the same length as a common earthworm but can be much longer or shorter depending on their size. They come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, with some having over 400 legs!

What do they eat?

Millipedes are scavengers that mainly eat dead and decaying plant material. They are also known to eat fungi, lichens, and mosses.

Some millipedes have been known to consume small amounts of living plant material, but this is not their preferred diet. They may also eat damp wood.

Are they poisonous?

Millipedes are generally harmless, although they can secrete a noxious fluid as a defense. They are not poisonous and will not cause any serious harm to humans or animals.

However, they can be a nuisance, particularly when they invade homes in large numbers.

Millipedes are often considered pests because they feed on damaged plants and crops. They can also damage healthy plants by feeding on the leaves and stems.

Would they make a good pet?

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Millipedes can make great pets if you are willing to take care of them. They require a humid environment and should be fed a diet of leaves, fruits, and vegetables.

In fact, they can make interesting and low-maintenance pets for the right person. Before buying one, be sure to do your research to make sure that they are legal in your area.

Also, be aware of their care needs, as they can be particular about humidity and food.

Having said that, there are a few things to keep in mind if you’re considering getting one. First, never buy a millipede from the pet trade – they may be sick or injured, and it’s best to leave them in their natural habitat.

Second, always be gentle when handling them – they have delicate exoskeletons. Finally, make sure you provide them with a suitable environment – they need moist soil and high humidity to thrive.


Hopefully, after going through these rather interesting facts about millipedes, you will know these creatures better than how you knew them before.

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.