Red Ant vs Black Ants: Study The Difference In Diet, Size, And More

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In any given colony of ants, there are generally two different types of ants—red and black. Though they may look similar, these two types of ants have very different behaviors. For example, red ants are more aggressive and will often attack other insects, while black ants are more likely to scavenge for food.

Additionally, red ants are more likely to build their nests in open areas, while black ants prefer to build their nests in hidden, protected areas.

Well, in this article, let’s get to know about Red Ant vs Black ants. We will dig deeper into the color difference between these two species of ants.

All about Red Ants

Red ants are a type of ant that is found all over the world. They get their name from the reddish color of their heads and bodies. These ants are different from other types of ants because they bite with their mouth to hold on, then sting.

This can make them quite dangerous, especially if they are in large numbers. One of the most notable things about red ants is their venom, which causes a burning pain at the site of the wound.

Red ants are way more aggressive than black ants. They are also smaller in size. Red ants typically live in colonies, whereas black ants can live either in colonies or individually.

Even the USDA is doing what it can to combat these ants because of their aggressiveness.

Red ants build large mounds around their colonies, which can often be seen from a distance. Red ants are aggressive and will sting humans if they feel threatened.

All about Black Ants

Beautiful black carpenter ant on green leaf

Black ants are a particular non-aggressive species of ant that is found all over the world. They are not harmful or dangerous to human beings and can be helpful in controlling other pests.

There are certain essential things you should be aware of when it comes to black ants. For example, if you’re bitten, be aware of signs of an allergic reaction.

Additionally, black ants live in colonies that can range in size from a few hundred to over a million ants, whereas they can also live alone in certain cases.

These are the more peaceful species of the ant and will are not known to bite humans generally.

How to identify red ants?

Fire ants, also popularly known as red ants, are a common species of ant in the United States. They derive their name from their particular ability to sting and cause a burning sensation. Their red color acts as an identification tool.

Red ants typically have a reddish-brown color and are typically smaller than black ants. Additionally, red ant nests will often be located outdoors near the ground. Finally, red ants will sting if they feel threatened.

How to identify black ants?

Black ants are common in the summertime. Their black coloring can identify them, and they often build their nests in trees or near houses. They are usually spotted in densely wooded areas near the soil.

Interestingly, black ants are distinguishable from other ants because of their coloring. They also have stingers; however, their tiny and weak frames make the prick barely noticeable.

difference between red Ants vs black ants

red ant vs black ants whats the difference

The most important thing to know about the differences between red and black ants is that they’re actually two different species of ants. Black ant vs Red ant: What’s the Difference?

Red ants are members of the Formicidae family, whereas black ants belong to a different family called the Ponerinae.

Black ants are larger than red ants and often have a shiny black body. However, sometimes their color is a dark gray or brown, depending on the species of black ant.

Red ants are often found in areas with a lot of moisture, whereas black ants are more commonly found in dry soil areas.

There are many different types of ants, but they all have some things in common. They are all insects that build colonies, and they all have a queen who lays eggs.

Both colonies have a queen and workers, but red ants are typically more aggressive than black ants.

Below mentioned are certain major distinguishing factors between these two species of ants.


There are various types of ants, and their appearance is one of the ways they are classified. Ants can be red, black, or a variety of other colors, and this often plays a role in how they are treated.

For example, red ants are considered more aggressive than black ants and are thus dealt with differently.

Red ants are typically bigger than black ants. They also have a reddish color, hence the name. Black ants, on the other hand, are smaller and darker in color.

Species Variations

There are many different types of ants, but two of the most common are the red ant and black ant. They both have distinctively unique characteristics that set them apart from one another.

For example, there is a significant difference in their aggressiveness levels- black ants are typically more aggressive than red ants. Additionally, black ants can survive in colder climates, whereas red ants prefer warmer environments.

Color and Size

Red ants are also popularly known as fire ants because of their bright red color. They get their name from their aggressive nature and the fact that they can inflict a painful sting. On the other hand, Black ants are typically smaller than red ants and have a black coloring.

There are many different types of black ants, each with its own unique name. Black ants can be differentiated by their color (black), size (small), and shape (round).

Additionally, there are different types of black ants based on where they live. For example, the carpenter ant is a type of black ant that lives in North America.

Whereas, Red ants are typically smaller than black ants, with black ants being able to get up to 2 inches long. Additionally, red ants tend to have a reddish color, while black ants are just plain black.


Black ants are omnivorous, which means that they eat a variety of foods. They typically eat vegetables, sweet fruits, cornmeal, plant sap, and even candies.

The red ant, also known as the fire ant, is a type of ant that is found all over the world. They are carnivores and prefer to consume spiders, arthropod eggs, earthworms, and other insects.

Red ants and black ants are both types of ants. They have different diets, however. Black ants will consume honeydew and other sweet foods as well as seeds. Red ants are mostly carnivorous and will eat other insects, spiders, or small vertebrates.


Black ants prefer to live indoors, where they can find food sources like sugar and sweets. Red ants are more commonly found outdoors and tend to eat things like dead animals or plants.

Furthermore, Red ants are more commonly found in warm climates, while black ants are more common in cooler climates. Red ants typically have a mound that is easy to spot, while black ants tend to be less visible.

Threat to Living Things

Red ants are a threat to living things because they bite the prey and release toxins in order to subdue them. This allows them to take the prey back to their colony, which will be used as food.

However, this is not how black ants behave.

Threat to Surroundings

Red ants are more destructive to the surroundings than black ants. They are known to strip away the bark of trees, which can kill the tree. Black ants, while still destructive, do not pose as much of a threat to the environment as red ants do.

Furthermore, Red ants are typically found in outdoor areas, while black ants are more commonly found indoors. Black ants account for over 20 different ant species, but the main reason they enter homes is to seek food sources.

Even black ants can be very destructive when they invade a home and kitchen pantry, so it is important to understand their behavior and how to get rid of them if they become a problem.


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There are a few key differences between red ants and black ants. Red ants are typically smaller than black ants, and they tend to be less aggressive. Black ants, on the other hand, are more aggressive and can cause more damage.

Additionally, red ants often build their nests in open areas, while black ant nests are usually found in hidden or protected places.

Red ants are considered a pest because they can be difficult to eliminate. They often nest in large colonies, which can lead to extensive damage if not treated properly. On the other hand, black ants are not as harmful and are easier to get rid of.


Now you must have got an idea from this article about black ants vs red ants. Ants can be a major nuisance, and it is important to get them treated by experienced professionals. Black and red ants are different types of ant species, and they all require different treatment. Red ants are aggressive and can damage property, while black ants are more destructive as they contaminate food.

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.