8 Types Of Ants

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There are many types of ants, but the most common are the worker ants. Worker ants are the smallest and have a job to do. They carry food back to the colony, build nests, and protect the colony from other insects. There are also soldier ants, which are larger and have a job of defending the colony. Queens are important in ant colonies because they reproduce and lead their colonies.

What do you need to understand about ants as an insect?

There are many species or types of ants, and they can be classified in a variety of ways. One way to classify them is by their behavior:

– Trailers: These ants leave a chemical trail as they search for food. This allows other ants to follow the trail back to the food source.

– Nest builders: These ants build their nests from scratch, often using leaves, twigs, and soil.

– Foragers: These ants go out in search of food and bring it back to the nest.

– Harvesters: Similar to foragers, harvesters collect food but store it in their nests instead of bringing it back immediately.

Another way to classify ants is by their nesting location:

Ground ants: These ants build their nests in the ground.

– Tree ants: These ants build their nests in trees or other elevated locations.

– Masonry ants: These ants build their nests in masonries, such as brick walls or mortar joints.

Insects, such as ants, are an important part of the natural environment. However, when they invade our homes and workplaces, they become a nuisance. Ants found around and in our homes are typically categorized as nuisance pests.

What is the general appearance of an ant?

types of ants

There are many different types of ants, but they all share some common characteristics. They are small and have a hard exoskeleton.

Their body is divided into three parts: the head, thorax, and abdomen. They have two antennae that are used to sense their surroundings and communicate with other ants.

How many species of ants are there in the whole world?

There are an estimated 10,000-15,000 different species of ants in the world. They can be found on every continent with the exception of Antarctica and play a vital role in many ecosystems.

Ants come in a variety of shapes and sizes and can be identified by their unique characteristics.

8 types of ants

The various types of ants can be classified based on the nodes on their thorax. Most ants can sting or bite, so it is important to be aware of their behavior when around them. I’ve listed the 8 most commonly found types of ants that you can find in your home!

Acrobat ants

acrobat ant

Acrobat ants get their name from their ability to perform acrobatic stunts. They are aggressive and can sting when threatened.

Acrobat ants are very small, measuring 2.5 to 3 millimeters long. They have two nodes, and their color varies from yellow-brown to brown and red-black to all-black.

Acrobat ants get their name from their habit of balancing on thin tree branches. These ants can nest outside in moist wood, inside damaged wood structures, and sometimes in foam panel insulation.

If you’re ever faced with an acrobat ant, be aware that they have a defense mechanism that can be pretty scary-looking. When they feel threatened, worker ants of this species will lift their abdomens above their heads, resembling a scorpion.

Carpenter ants

Carpenter ants are a type of ant that is common in North America. They build their nests in trees or lumber, making them a nuisance for homeowners. They can also be destructive to wooden structures.

Carpenter ants are most commonly found outside near trees or lumber, but they can also nest indoors. Carpenter ants in North America can be black, brown, or red. They eat a variety of things but prefer sweets.

They can be aggressive and will sting if their nest is disturbed. Carpenter ants live in wood and can damage homes and other structures.

In fact, their potential to damage your wooden structures is one of the reasons that any carpenter ant infestation should be taken more seriously than infestations by other types of ants!

Argentine ants

Argentine ants

Argentine ants are a type of ant that is found throughout the world. They are small, measuring 2 to 2.8 millimeters long. They have one node, and their color varies from light to dark brown.

Argentine ants are found both indoors and outdoors. Outdoors, these ants nest in a variety of areas throughout the winter and in shadier spots during the summer. They prefer to live near moisture and can be found in rotting wood, under rocks, or in mulch.

When Argentine ants invade a home, they can be found in a variety of places. Indoors, they often nest in wall insulation or voids. Indoors, they often travel between different rooms or floors, seeking food or water.

Crazy ants

Crazy ants are small, black-brown insects with long legs and antennae. They get their name from their erratic movements, which resemble those of a crazy person. Crazy ants thrive in warm, humid environments and can be found all over the world.

Crazy ants, scientifically known as Paratrechina longicornis, are a species of ant that is notorious for its wide-ranging nesting habits. In a sense, this type of ant simply does not discriminate between different habitats.

These ants will form colonies in moist or dry environments, regardless of the substrate. Additionally, crazy ants are notable for their non-discriminatory behavior towards other insects and animals.

Unlike other ants, crazy ants do not have stingers. If disturbed, all they can do is move around like crazy creatures.

Crazy ants are also known as tawny crazy ants. They are found throughout the United States. They are especially common along the Gulf Coast, but they have been spotted in all states except Alaska. Crazy ants are small and brown with a characteristic “tawny” color.

Asian needle ants

Asian needle ants are a type of ant that is less aggressive to neighboring colonies than other ant types. They are also known for their painful sting, which can cause welts on the skin. But this type of ant doesn’t really sting humans unless it’s absolutely forced to.

Asian needle ants are one of the most common ant species in the United States. They are about 1/16 of an inch long, brown-black with dark orange mandibles, and mostly nest outdoors in shaded areas with high moisture.

Asian needle ants usually swarm between July and August. It’s during this time that they are more likely to sting people, as they travel in large numbers.

If you are stung by an Asian needle ant, it is important to clean the wound and see a doctor if there are any signs of an allergic reaction.

Field ants

field ants

Field ants are the most common type of ant. They vary in size from 4 to 8 millimeters long and can be black, brown, or red. Field ants are another of the most common types of ants in North America. They can be found in the Northeast and Midwest United States.

Field ants, as the name suggests, are mostly found nesting in open areas such as soil, dead wood, or greenery. They don’t usually nest indoors and are not commonly seen in human habitats.

Field ants are a type of ant that is known for their ability to sting and spray formic acid. This can cause a small amount of pain, but it is not typically dangerous unless you are allergic.

If you are allergic, then you run a high risk of going into anaphylactic shock. Therefore, you must be prompt in treating the bite.

Dark rover ants

Dark rover ants are a type of ant that is 6 millimeters long and has one node on their body. They get their name from their dark black color. They are found in the United States and Mexico.

Dark rover ants are the most common type of ant found near people. They nest outdoors, usually by the edge of grass or under objects on the ground. You can also find them in parking lots, where they often build their nests in cracks and spaces between asphalt and concrete.

Interestingly, dark rover ants can sometimes be found nesting indoors in bathrooms and kitchens. They are attracted to moisture and will build their nests near water sources.

European fire ants

European fire ants

European fire ants are reddish-brown and about 4 to 5 millimeters long. They are found in the southern United States, Central America, South America, and some Caribbean islands.

These ants build their nests in a wide range of habitats, including gardens, lawns, shrubbery, and even inside during cold months.

European fire ants are an invasive species of ant that can be very aggressive. They have a painful sting that they will use if disturbed.

How strong can ants be?

Ants are incredibly strong for their size. They can carry a lot of weight and have strong joints that can handle a great deal of force. In fact, to put it more specifically, they can lift and move over fifty times their own body weight!

This makes them very efficient at carrying objects and helps them survive in harsh environments. Imagine having the strength to lift fifty humans that are roughly your weight!

How long do ants typically survive?

Ants typically only live for a few weeks, but their colonies can persist for years. The life of an individual ant is relatively short, but the colony as a whole can be very long-lived.

This is one of the main reasons that you should act when you spot a colony of ants nesting in your home. Else, it can become a long and drawn-out issue for your home!

What do ants eat as a part of their diet?

Ants are a type of insect that eats human and pet food. They can be found all over the world and can be a nuisance in your home.

Ants need water and food to survive, so cleaning up spills, removing food sources, and sealing or taking out the trash can help them stay away from your home.


Now, I can’t list out fifteen thousand species of ants. That’s why I have focused on the 8 main types of ants that I have come across or know someone that has had to deal with these species. These are the most common types of ants that you will find across the United States of America.

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.