What Are The Different Types Of Mites? 7 Common Mites You Should Know

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Mites are of different types. Let’s learn about what are the different types of mites in this article. Mites are tiny insects that belong to the tick and spider families. Because they are so small and difficult to notice, they are often blamed for various strange itching or biting symptoms.

Mites come in thousands of species, each with eating, grinding, and bloodsucking tendencies. ‌Mites can transmit diseases to animals and humans who come into touch with them. Even though mite-related sickness isn’t frequent in the United States, mites can still be deadly if they appear in high numbers.

What are the different types of mites?

While mites seldom transmit disease to humans in the United States, they impact people’s health in various ways, from being a nuisance when they invade houses in high numbers to causing severe skin irritation and itching.

what are the different types of mites

Under is a listing of the maximum common mites, including those that can harm human health:

  • Clover Mites
  • House Dust Mites
  • Itch Mites
  • Chiggers
  • Scabies Mites
  • Rodent Mites
  • Bird Mites

Mites: Everything You Need to Know

DUST MITES IN THE HOUSE (Dermatophagoides spp.)

microscopic shot showing a house dust mite

In recent years, there has been various information (and misconceptions) regarding house dust mites. House dust mites are virtually undetectable to the naked eye, yet they are pretty accurate.

Like cockroaches, dust mites and their feces have been demonstrated to go airborne and are one of the most prevalent indoor allergens. Most people who are allergic to “home dust” are allergic to dust mites, whose bodies and excrement are critical dust components.

Asthma attacks have also been linked to cockroaches and dust mites. However, unlike rodent mites, itch mites, and chiggers, dust mites rarely cause skin irritation.

Dust mites do not reside on people, even though they may “hitchhike” on clothing. They eat dander, dead skin flakes that fall from people and animals. Dust mites are more common in upholstered furniture, cushions, and mattresses than in carpets.

CLOVER MITES (Bryobia spp.)

Bright red velvet mite crawls on shiny black surface

While clover mites no longer chunk or transmit sicknesses, they can irritate! As their name implies, they eat clover, ivy, grasses, fruit trees, and other plants. And, like many GM vehicles, they are available in a range of colors; in this case, only red, green, and brown.

Clover mites enter homes when their food supply runs out (or is removed), which is why they are more active in the fall.

Like mice and squirrels, they seek cover from the approaching cold, with dwellings being the most desired option. Clover mites have the terrible trait of developing viable eggs without fertilization. The pinnacle of matriarchy!

ITCH MITES (Pyemotes spp.)

Female tick isolated on white background

Insects are prey for these mites. Stored items are infested by species such as the straw itch mite (P. tritici). Humans are bitten when they contact mite-infested straw, hay, grass, leaves, seeds, or similar materials.

Another species (P. herfsi) preys on insects that live in sheltered areas, such as midge (gnat-like flies) larvae in leaf galls and cicadas eggs beneath tree bark. Ick mites may contact and bite other animals, including people if removed from their insect meal.

The mites aren’t seen, and the bites aren’t felt, but they produce itchy red spots that look like a rash. When itch mite populations ‘ explode, people and other animals may be bitten in large numbers. Fortunately, the mites cannot dwell on humans, do not survive indoors, or transmit disease.

RODENT and BIRD MITES (Liponyssoides sanguineus, Laelaps echidnina, Ornithonyssus spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Cheyletiella spp.)

Animals antique engraving illustration: Bird Mite

Rodents and bird mites infrequently bite people, but the consequences can be painful. The house mouse mite, the spiny rat mite, and the tropical rat mite are the three rodent mites that bite humans.

The bite of a house mouse mite causes a rash around the bite region, whereas the bite of a tropical rat mite causes skin irritation and itching.

Bird mites seldom bite humans. Northern fowl and chicken mites have occasionally attacked humans, but they mostly bother chickens, pigeons, starlings, and sparrows.

Northern fowl mites cannot survive without a host for more than a month, whereas chicken mites hide in cracks and crevices near bird nests and feed at night. In either case, you should try to avoid these mites as much as possible.

SCABIES MITES (Sarcoptes scabiei)

Itch mite (Sarcoptes scabiei). Woodcut engraving, published in 1881.

Sarcoptes scabiei is a type of mite found in mammals, including humans. Person-to-person contact causes the majority of human infestations. Several scabies mites exist, each with a particular host species on which it reproduces, even though they can pass from animals to human beings and vice versa.

Scabies mites cause mange in dogs. Scabies is the most severe and frequent human disease caused by a mite infestation. Scabies mites, unlike other mites, burrow and form tunnels one centimeter or longer just beneath the skin’s surface, where they lay eggs.

The mites are the notion of feeding on the skin and fluids of humans. Scabies mites spend their whole life cycle (10-17 days for human-infesting mites) on their host. They barely last a few days without a host.

A scabies infestation in previously unexposed people can go undiagnosed for up to a month. The irritation and itching become unbearable, especially at night.

CHIGGERS (Eutrombicula spp.)

A true ixodid mite blood sucking parasite carrying the acarid disease sits on a white sheet of paper

Chiggers. Two different types of chigger mites bite humans. If a chigger mite detects carbon dioxide in your exhaled breath, it will seek out a means to contact your skin and latch on.

Although they don’t drink your blood, they have the unique ability to dissolve your skin using skin-digesting saliva. The chigger bite will get inflamed, hardened, and itchy if you don’t detect it and remove it from your skin.

What symptoms does a mite bite carry?

Skin disease rash on a man arm

Mite bites might be challenging to identify. It’s viable that you won’t feel the chew till after it takes place or which you might not stumble on the mite till it bites. It’s frustrating and unsettling not knowing what is biting you.

At the same time, as your signs and symptoms will range relying on whatever mite attacked you, a few not unusual traits let you distinguish a mite chunk from a spider chew, as an instance.

  • Red, rash-like marks on your skin, small bumps that can become hard or inflamed irritation, 
  • itching, and 
  • pain near the spot, rash, or bump swollen or blistered skin near the bite are all common indicators of a mite bite.

Keeping Mite Bites at Bay

Dust mite black silhouette on red target. Vector illustration
  • To avoid being bitten by mites, first determine where they are coming from and then vacuum the area promptly to remove them.
  • If you discover mites in your house or on your skin, look around to determine where they dwell and what kind of mites they are. If you find that they’re sneaking into your house through cracks or holes, caulk them up to keep new mites out. ‌
  • Deploy an extraordinary air filter out in your home once you’ve found and removed the mites to eliminate the dust that may contain a lot of dust mites.
  • Mites flourish in humid environments. If you stay in moist weather or a domestic that isn’t adequately ventilated, take steps to dry out your home for a few weeks to eliminate mites. This can be accomplished by turning on the air conditioner and showering at a temperature that produces little heat or steam.
  • Regularly clean your home, and wash your linens, drapes, carpets, and furniture. If you suspect an item is infested with mites, put it in a plastic container and throw it away to prevent the mites from spreading. ‌
  • Please get rid of mites in your home before they spread or bite you. Contact your healthcare practitioner if you experience a skin irritation that you think is caused by mites. ‌
  • Although mite bites aren’t deadly in and of themselves, there’s a potential that the mites may have spread disease. If you’re not sure if mites cause your problem, go to your doctor. ‌

Conclusion

Bites from mites can be very painful. They can itch, sting, and irritate your skin for up to two weeks. Most mite bites are self-healing, so you won’t need medical help. Itching and soreness can be relieved with over-the-counter painkillers and anti-itch lotions.

You should consult a doctor if you keep receiving bites that you can’t identify—identifying the type of mites that keep biting you can aid in determining whether you have an infestation. ‌

About the author

A biotechnologist by profession and a passionate pest researcher. I have been one of those people who used to run away from cockroaches and rats due to their pesky features, but then we all get that turn in life when we have to face something.