Have you heard about termites? And do you know the various types of termites that exist and how to distinguish them? Today, in this expert guide on wood infesting termites, we will learn all about the termites.
Table of Contents
Western subterranean termite
Western subterranean termites are quite small and resemble a grain of rice. They live in colonies that can number in the millions and can cause significant property damage to wooden structures.
They typically nest within cellulose material buried in soil, often inside stumps or logs that may be 10-20 feet or more below the surface.
Because they are so difficult to detect and their colonies can contain millions of individuals, it is important to identify early signs of a termite infestation and take action against termite activity quickly.
These colonies have three castes: reproductives, soldiers, and workers. The reproductives are responsible for colony reproduction, the soldiers defend the colony against predators and other pests, and the workers build and maintain the nest.
Termites travel back to their soil nests to exchange food with other colony members and to obtain water.
Western subterranean termites are capable of invading any wooden structure, as they don’t require damp wood in order to thrive. As a result, they can be found in a wide variety of environments and can cause significant termite damage to homes and businesses.
Management-chemical and bait controls
There are two types of chemical barrier treatments- liquid termiticides and baits. Liquid termiticides are applied around the foundation of the home in order to form a physical barrier between the termites and the home.
Baits work by being placed in strategic areas near the termite nest. The termites eat the bait and then spread it to other members of the colony, eventually leading to the death of the entire colony.
In addition, management-chemical and bait controls have been updated to include new treatments. For example, a new bait treatment is designed to attract termites to stations containing a toxicant, which can then be killed upon contact.
By using this information, homeowners and professionals can better protect their property from the destructive effects of termites.
The use of pesticides to treat wood-infesting termites can be complicated and expensive. It is important to note that these treatments should only be carried out by professionals, as incorrect usage can result in serious health and environmental hazards.
Biological methods of termite control involve using living organisms to eliminate pests. One common method is to use nematodes, which are small, parasitic worms. However, there is no concrete evidence that nematodes are effective at controlling termites.
There are other methods of biological termite control that are more successful, such as using bacteria or fungi.
Dampwood termite is a type of wood-eating termite that require wet or damp wood in order to infest and establish a colony. They are often found near water sources, such as swamps, marshes, and lakes.
These pests prefer moist and rotting wood and can cause significant damage to homes and other wooden structures.
In most cases, management can be achieved by removing materials prone to infestation (wood scraps, construction forms), replacing structurally unsound wood, improving ventilation, and eliminating moisture problems.
This category of wood termite is a particularly difficult insect to eradicate because they thrive in moist environments, such as coastal areas.
Chemical applications are ineffective against dampwood termites and should be discouraged. The best way to get rid of these pests is through heat or cold treatment.
Control of Dampwood Termites:
Dampwood termites are a particularly destructive termite species of termite that require moist environments to survive. They can be difficult to control, as the moisture source that sustains them must be corrected in order to eliminate the infestation.
If the moisture source is not removed, then the infestation will continue to grow. Infested and saturated wood must be replaced with non-infested wood in order to stop the spread of these pests.
Common correction methods:
There are a few common methods that can be used to correct the environment and get rid of wood-infesting termites. One is to increase ventilation and reduce moisture levels in the area.
This will help make it difficult for the termites to survive. Another is to remove any wood or cellulose material from the area, as this is what they feed on. Finally, you can use chemical treatments to kill the termites.
If you have a termite problem, there are various methods that can be used to correct it. The most common are using an effective insecticide or termite baiting system to treat the soil.
You can also avoid contact between wood and soil by raising the wood off the ground or using a moisture barrier.
Drywood termites are the most common type of termite in the eastern United States. They live in colonies inside wooden structures and can cause a great deal of damage.
They are about 1/4 inch long and have a dark brown to black body with a yellow head. They infest wood and can cause significant damage to homes and other structures. These termite colonies can be very large, with up to 500 individuals per colony.
They build their colonies in wood, and the mounds they create can be as large as two feet high and six feet wide.
Over time, they can weaken the structural integrity of a building or piece of furniture, which may cause it to collapse or be destroyed by other organisms or natural disasters like drought or fire.
Typical signs of drywood termites infestation include
Drywood termites are a common wood-destroying pest. They can be difficult to spot, as they live inside the wood they’re eating and don’t leave obvious signs as subterranean termites do.
However, there are a few giveaways that you have an infestation, including piles of their fecal pellets (which look like sawdust) near the entrance of their nest and small holes in the wood where they’ve been chewing.
These pellets look different than the fecal pellets of other types of termites, with elongated ends and six flattened surfaces.
Recommendations for treatment with drywood termites
Structural fumigation is the most effective and common method for treating drywood termites. This process involves pumping gas into the structure that will kill all of the termites. There are other methods available, but they are not as effective or long-lasting.
For smaller infestations, direct wood treatment (spot treatments) is recommended. This involves the use of insecticides to kill the termites that are currently present in the wood.
There are a variety of different insecticides that can be used for this purpose, and your contractor will be able to recommend the best one for your specific situation.
Another common method is to use aerosols, which will kill the termites on contact. However, this may not be effective in cases of extensive infestation.
Now that you have learned about the various types of wood-infesting termites, you will be easily able to distinguish them and thus protect your house from an infestation.